Excavation

The Qubib Mosque, 2013-2014

In conjunction with the Qatar Museums Authority, excavations have begun at the Qubib Mosque in the heart of historic Doha. This is the first extensive urban excavation in Qatar. These excavations aim to uncover early, undocumented structures in Doha to help archaeologists understand the development of the city and the lives of early men, women, and children who lived in these structures.

trench_5_2

The Radwani House, 2012-2013

The first excavations in Doha were undertaken by the Origins of Doha team at the Radwani House, a historic structure in Msheireb.  A sequence of occupation deposits associated with large domestic building, and an earlier mud rendered building were recorded. Evidence of early occupation in the city was identified below these buildings. The rapid development of Doha adds urgency to this work, as much of the buried heritage relating to the original occupation of Doha is highly threatened.

3 responses to “Excavation

  1. Today i seen report in the newspaper about the origin of Doha Project. I would like to know that why Doha become so important even Al Huwayllah was the capital of Qatar peninsula in the 16th century. The oldest record regarding Qatar, referred Muhammad Bin Sultan Beni Musallam as the chief of the Qatar Arabs, with his headquarters at Al Huwayllah in 1555 AD (Ref. Zekeriya Kursun, The Ottoman in Qatar: Istanbul, 2002, P. 33). what was the reason that Al Huwayallah lost its prominence and Bida emerged as a capital ?.

    • There is no single answer to why Doha grew in importance at the expense of the towns located on Qatar’s Northern coast. The author Habibur Rahman sums up some of the reasons in his book The Emergence of Qatar: The Turbulent Years, 1627-1916:

      “Doha emerged as a town of prime importance and as the cockpit of foreign rivalry following the arrival of Shaikh Mohammad bin Thani [in around 1850]. The attention of all the regional powers as well as of Britain was focused on this hitherto unimportant and neglected place. Shaikh Mohammad bin Thani’s settlement at Doha filled the vacuum created by the al-Bu Ainain tribe’s move to Wakra and marked the beginning of the emergence of Qatar as a separate entity under his leadership… Shaikh Mohammad bin Thani’s move to Doha was politically and economically motivated. The town was previously dominated by the al-Bu Ainain tribe until their removal to Wakra. Since then, Doha had lacked effective leadership. While retaining his chieftaincy of Fuwairet Shaikh Mohammad bin Thani moved there with the aim of filling the political vacuum and playing a decisive role in the affairs of Doha, and developing his pearl trade” (61-62)

      Rahman, H. (2005). The Emergence of Qatar: The Turbulent Years, 1627-1916. Routledge

  2. In January 1823, in the course of an exploratory voyage along the Arabian coast, Captain John MacLeod, British political Resident in the Gulf (1822-23), paid a visit to Al Bida. He found that the town was under the authority of Buhur bin Jubran, the chief of the Al bu Ainin tribe. He was also noted that Bida was the only port in Qatar, where a substantial number of trading vessels were to be seen. (R/15/1/30, dated. 27 February 1823.)

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